The angioplasty procedure is used to open all blocked arteries (also known as coronary arteries) in the heart, dispensing away the need for a more serious open-heart surgery. Dye will be injected to the coronary arteries, which helps doctors determine any blockage present. Once located, doctors can then perform an angioplasty procedure or a balloon angioplasty with the help of a special catheter. A stent can also be placed during the procedure, which usually lasts an hour, or three most. In some cases, an angioplasty procedure can also vary.
An angioplasty procedure can guarantee an improved oxygen and blood flow to the heart. Doctors can start a normal angioplasty procedure by choosing an artery that will be designated as a catheter entry site. Once a site is already chosen, it will be cleaned thoroughly using a special disinfectant. It may also be shaved off first before doctors can start numbing the area. A normal angioplasty procedure can usually take an hour or three, but it can vary according to the patient’s situation.
Angioplasty Procedure Process
The angioplasty procedure will proceed when doctors insert the introducer, a small and hollow plastic tube right into your artery. Patients undergoing an angioplasty procedure would do well to expect some slight pressure or discomfort as the introducer is inserted into the artery guided usually by needles. It will be followed through by a guide wire and a balloon catheter, and will be inserted very carefully all the way to the blockage. The catheter’s progress can be viewed on x-ray screens. Patients can also communicate with their doctors during an angioplasty procedure.
It is quiet normal in an angioplasty procedure for doctors to encounter clots blocking the arteries along the way. Medications are usually given to neutralize such clots before continuing. When the balloon catheter is already in place, it will be inflated and deflated in succession for several times. Blood flow is briefly blocked during inflation, which can be translated into chest discomfort. Medicine can be given to counter the pain. An angioplasty procedure is declared successful once the blockage is neutralized outward, against the artery wall and the blood flow properly restored.
Depending on the blockage situation, doctors may decide to place stents in their patient’s arteries during an angioplasty procedure. It is an expandable device mounted on a catheter, just similar to that used in an angioplasty procedure. Once in the proper place, a stent will support the artery, which helps keep it open for a long time. Over time, tissues will naturally grow over the stent. They will help keep it in place. Inside the body, patients can be assured that it will not move from its place.
When the Angioplasty procedure is completed, doctors will remove the catheter and will leave the introducer in place for a certain time just in case the artery will start closing. If ever patients will be experiencing back pains, chest pains, and other unusual feelings after the angioplasty procedure, it may indicate that the coronary arteries are starting to close up. To get around this predicament, patients are highly encouraged to communicate with their doctors regularly in a post-angioplasty procedure to monitor the progress and any problems that may surface.